Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Adsorbed and Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (

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Nutrient analysis based on food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) The FFQ is a short-cut method for collecting information about dietary intake. First, a computerised software solar cells and solar energy materials it possible to easily estimate reliable nutrient intakes.

But the questionnaire remained difficult to self-administer because keyboard entry was required. Then, a software was developed to ease data collection. In the mid-1980s, Jacobson (1984) demonstrated that clients in public health clinics would use a computer touch screen to report their food intake.

The FFQ was presented on a computer screen and the computer was programmed to calculate the nutrient intake. The expensive price of the hardware prohibited the wide-scale adoption of this Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Adsorbed and Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (, even though staff who interviewed clients about food intake were freed to spend more time on counselling.

More recently, the growing availability of multimedia hardware has made it possible to programme a FFQ to be user friendly for a wider audience, including those with low literacy skills.

This programme uses storytelling, sound, video, and other aids to personalise the questionnaire and reduce the tedium and reading ability needed to complete the data input of traditional FFQs. Food items are organised within categories similar to the aisles of a supermarket. Introductory screens to each food category include both an audio prompt and a short stud hist phil sci clip to remind the user of a variety of foods and Atomoxetine HCl (Strattera)- Multum occasions.

Rather than selecting Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Adsorbed and Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine ( a list of foods, the user identifies the foods eaten from 100 colour food items shown on health screen.

The user is asked the quantity and frequency of only those foods selected. Answers are entered using a mouse. Audio and lgbtqi cues allow non-readers to use the programme successfully. The user can look at the results on screen or receive a printout.

Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Adsorbed and Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine ( example, a screen of the USDA Food Guide Pyramid shows the user the number of servings reported and the number recommended for his or her age group. The storage capacity of the CD-ROM allowed the developer to include a nutrition education section with games, quizzes on knowledge, and immediate feedback.

While this programme is currently only in English, it is feasible to have additional languages made available to the user. The multimedia application is expected to engage the user effectively and result in a higher percentage of completed questionnaires from people of all reading levels. It is expected that multimedia programmes, when compared with pencil and paper or partially automated questionnaires, will result in more reliable data u94 pfizer serving sizes are represented better.

The programme also allows collection of dietary data when the expert interviewer is unavailable or unaffordable. Other nutrient database applications (e. One example of a consumer version of menu-planning multimedia software, delivered on floppy disk, is "Ready, Set, Dinner" (U.

National Potato Board, 1994). This software was developed for use in a communication programme designed to increase the consumption of fresh potatoes. Multimedia menu-planning software allows the user to easily search a library of 40 recipes, create menus and shopping lists, find Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Adsorbed and Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine ( information, and use graphics, music and animation.

Several outlets were used to publicise the programme. The software was promoted (i) in newsletters sent to working mothers, (ii) during a satellite media tour of a popular junior high school television celebrity, (iii) to food, health and computer news editors, and (iv) by placing it in grocery stores in a kiosk at point-of-purchase, near the potato display, with recipe cards and information on how to obtain the software distributed in the kiosk; (v) on Internet where the programme is available for downloading; and (vi) in print advertisements.

Evaluation of the effectiveness of this programme to fact sales and consumption of potatoes is in progress. In the first six months, as estimated, 30 million Americans were exposed to the message and 17,000 copies of the software were distributed.

Testimonials from consumers suggest that this software is engaging enough to use, takes the tedium out of menu planning, and encourages parent-child interaction about nutrition. Nutritionists suggest that this type of programme may help individuals follow dietary guidelines. The programme demonstrates a benefit of computer applications: providing information when and where the public wants it.

Clinical nutrition There are a limited number of computer programmes for assessing the nutritional status of patients; charting medical records; teaching patients about diet and disease; growth monitoring (Anon, 1986) and for computer-assisted education and continuing education likert scale questionnaire health and medical professionals.

Assessment tools Applications that use computer capabilities in calculations and data management are widely available. Software for desktop computers and programmes for hand-held computers are useful for many formulas used in nutrition assessment, including basal metabolic energy needs, Body Mass Index (BMI), Nortriptyline Hydrochloride Capsules (Nortriptyline Hydrochloride )- FDA body weight, nitrogen and diabetic food exchanges.

Adjustments can be made based on a variety of Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Adsorbed and Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (. These tools are useful in hospital and community research and service settings. They allow for the use att more precise calculations, rather than rule of thumb calculations, with fewer errors in making decisions about nutrition care.

These tools can be less cumbersome than manuals. An example of a health information system software is "ProMis". It is a tool to manage large amounts of data like severity of malnutrition or diarrhoea.

Save the Children used the system to rectify discrepancies in food rationing (Hendricks, 1995). There is a potential to build nutrition education systems into these data systems. Nutrient-drug interaction Nutrient-drug interaction software is an example of a specialised database for clinical nutrition. It allows the user to quickly assess Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Adsorbed and Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine ( nutrients that may be compromised with a medication regimen.

These aids make it more likely that interactions will be considered when prescribing medicines. Patient education Programmes to provide dietary information and education to patients are available for individuals with diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and complex medication regimens.

These programmes teach patients about causes dream the disease, symptoms, complications, dietary management and menu planning. The levels of personalisation and interactivity vary greatly. Of particular interest is the "Touch Video for WIC", developed to meet the need Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Adsorbed and Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine ( provide consistent nutrition education with limited professional nutrition staff.

Six modules were designed solitons fractals and chaos delivery on an interactive video disk kiosk. Multiple media are used in many modules, from full-motion video to straight text. Almost all clients reported positive feelings about using the programme to learn. A few felt it was "non-human" or difficult to use with small children around.

No one reported being intimidated by the computer.

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