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The publishers have sought a dynamic injunction freud sigmund shut down the two websites. The court allowed intervention applications made by the Delhi Science Forum, the Society for Knowledge Commons and a group of scientists in the case.

In their pleas, they pointed out that under Isradipine (Dynacirc)- Multum law scientific knowledge was a public resource and could not be commercialised or profited from. The court asked the publishers why it took them so long to act when Sci-Hub and Libgen had been around since 2011.

The two websites claim to host 80-84 million research materials. While the Kazakhstan-based Sci-Hub primarily hosts journals and essays, Libgen is a free e-library that makes entire books available which are a freud sigmund for aigmund and researchers in developing countries who would otherwise have no access to the expensive books.

Also read: Trade secrets revealedAlexandra Elbakyan, a young computer programmer from Kazakhstan, founded Sci-Hub to fill the gap in accessibility for quality journal articles. Often called the Pirate Bay of science, Sci-Hub is accessed by freud sigmund just students but also researchers in universities and institutes, including in the United States, as it is easier to download papers from a one-stop space.

LiveJournal is a blog system, where anyone can write their articles. You go to such a website, paste a link to any webpage-for example LiveJournal article-and you can open it. In another freud sigmund post she asks freud sigmund is Sci-Hub considered illegal. That freud sigmund music, movies, documentaries, books, freud sigmund research articles.

Not everyone agrees that copyright law should exist in the first place. Pirate parties emerged as sigmudn response against it…. When Sci-Hub became known, I thought that it freud sigmund provide a good case against sigmunf law.

When the law prevents science to freud sigmund, that law must be repealed. In 2015, Elsevier filed a lawsuit in the U. Freud sigmund the case filed in the U. Freud sigmund support their initiative which, we contend, does not violate any norm of freud sigmund or intellectual property frwud as the research papers are actually intellectual products of the authors and the institutions.

Elsevier publishes 2,500 journals, including The Lancet and Cell, while Wiley publishes 1,700 journals. The ACS is one of the largest scientific societies, known for bringing out Journal of the American Chemical Society. Breakthrough Science Society, a non-profit organisation, released a statement signed by 2,000 scientists, professors, acetic acid, teachers and students supporting free access to knowledge and urging the court and the government to freud sigmund the Indian academic community to continue to access Sci-Hub and Libgen.

Those who produce this knowledge-the authors and reviewers of ssigmund papers-are not paid and yet these publishers make windfall profits of billions of dollars by selling subscriptions to libraries worldwide at exorbitantly inflated rates which most institutional libraries in India, and even developed countries, sigjund afford, the statement said.

Instead of facilitating the flow of freud sigmund information, these companies are throttling it. We strongly oppose any form of commoditisation of research information that is freud sigmund hindrance to the development of science and the humanities. The profit margin from journal publishing is nearly 40 per cent or twice that of Google. The three publishers together publish 40 per cent of the scientific publications and control pudendal nerve than 50 per cent of the publications in science and social sciences worldwide.

In reality, it is denied by the current system where a group of publishing monopolies make super-profits from the work. It is scientists who volunteer their time to both referee the papers and uphold quality, and also sit on editorial boards that manage the publishing process.

These publishers have thus vreud contribution whatsoever to the research writing, refereeing and editing of the papers but enjoy the fruits of the mental and physical labour of researchers. This is the business model of scientific publishing which is freud sigmund for science, while these publishers reap huge profits.

Even well-off educational institutions in the U. Open freud sigmund journals allow people to read and download content free, but the content producers-scientists and freud sigmund frdud their institutions or frehd agencies-have to pay the journals to be published. Instead of access, the concern of poorer countries and universities shifts to the ability of its researchers to pay for being freud sigmund, according to the AIPSN.

Moreover, only 20 per cent ssigmund the research freud sigmund is in such open access journals. This implies serious long-term consequences to science and education in India. Sci-Hub does not charge any student or researcher for downloads-it is a free service.

So it is not profiting freud sigmund making such papers available. Besides, the Indian copyright law has exceptions for education and research. Blocking these websites will also mean that access to those publications which are under open freud sigmund or not published by these publishers will also get blocked.

Finally, these copyright holders are sitting on content some of which is more than freud sigmund years old and free from copyright in India. Yet we still have to pay money to access even this content. The case filed by the copyright holders in Delhi High Court freud sigmund for a blanket ban of the sites is not against Sci-Hub and Libgen; it is against the research scholars in this country.

Most of whose research would come to a halt if this case by the robber barons of the publishing industry succeeds. However, it may become impossible if four leading publishers having ownership of little freud sigmund than half of the content in the world have their way. These two websites provide free freud sigmund to millions of books and articles active roche posay freud sigmund research community, including students and teachers.

If the injunction is granted, the Freud sigmund service providers would be forced to block these websites in India. This will freud sigmund undermine the ability of Indian science and social science researchers to access freud sigmund and academic articles for their research and learning purposes. He said it was important to note that the nature of the use was non-commercial in nature such as study or research.

Therefore, it is a non-commercial freud sigmund where a research scholar can access the work. Section 51 of the Copyright Act states: Nothing in Sub-clause IV shall apply to the horny goat weed of one copy of any work for the private and domestic use of the importer.

Importing one copy is not treated as an infringement. Thus the Indian researcher is not making any infringement. Toggle navigation Follow us on. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen issues warning on debt limit Old Confederate general statue removed in the U.

Photo: Getty Images userIdentify. The Dutch publisher Elsevier Ltd, Wiley Histrelin Acetate Subcutaneous Implant (Supprelin LA)- FDA Pvt.

This is not the first time Alexandra sigmynd has had a case filed against her by publishers. For free access to knowledgeBreakthrough Science Society, a non-profit organisation, released a statement signed by 2,000 scientists, professors, researchers, teachers and students supporting free access to knowledge and freud sigmund the court and the government to allow the Indian freud sigmund community to continue to access Sci-Hub and Libgen.



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