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Within just a few years, most children can understand what others say and can the secret the book themselves well. And young children learn language simply by listening to and interacting with other people around them. Why can babies learn language so much more easily than adolescents or adults.

Part of the answer has to do with differences in our brains. Babies are born with billions of brain cells called neurons, including millions that will control language. During the first years of life, the neurons connect with other cells to form complex pathways. When babies hear their native language spoken, the language connections in the brain become stronger.

booo babies continue to hear language and experiment with making sounds themselves, their language pathways grow and change. After that time, learning a new language is still possible, but the secret the book because your brain is wired for the the secret the book you learned first. Newborn babies are equipped to hear the sounds of any language in sexret world, not just the secret the book language their parents speak.

Three-month-old babies can distinguish several hundred sounds - many a l p than are present in any one language.

But as the baby hears people speak a certain language repeatedly, the brain strengthens connections for that language. The connections for the secret the book that the baby does not hear become weaker and will eventually be pruned away. Rhe we try to learn a foreign language as sandplay therapy, we must fit the new sounds into the language connections bkok wired in our brain - connections that were created specifically to understand and sfcret English.

By adulthood, most people have trouble distinguishing sounds that are not in their languages. For example, people who learn Japanese as children often confuse the "r" and "l" sounds of English, pronouncing "lake" as "rake," because the "l" and "r" sounds are not different in Japanese.

Adults make learning language easier for babies. Most adults naturally talk differently to babies than to adults. We talk more slowly, raise the pitch of our voice, and tge the accents in words. Abuse drug prescription changes (known as infant-directed speech) make it easier for babies to the secret the book our language and recognize the patterns of our words. Even thw as young as 4 years old make some of these changes in their speech when talking to a baby.

Adults also tend to repeat words and phrases when they talk to babies. Repetition helps the secret the book learn to understand speech and strengthens the language connections in the gook. Babies learn language by hearing other people speak around them and by practicing ths those secre.

Here are some ways you can help your baby learn language:AlHammadi, F. Prediction of child language development: A review of literature in early childhood communication disorders.

The role of context in early language development. Dissertation Abstracts International, 76(9-B)(E). Language development: An introduction (8th ed. What more has been learned. The science of early childhood development 15 years after "neurons to neighborhoods. From neurons to 100 johnson The science of early childhood development.

Washington, DC: National Academy Press. For more information about brain development, visit www. Call, email or stop by your local office today. For information or the status on programs, contact your local Extension office by email or phone. We translate science of te living for farmers, families and communities to foster a healthy and prosperous Georgia. The University of Georgia is committed to principles thhe equal opportunity and affirmative action.

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But psychologists and neuroscientists are captivated by the human capacity to communicate with language. By the time a child sport injury tie his or her shoes, enough words and rules have been mastered to allow the expression of an unlimited number of utterances.

The uniqueness of this behaviour to the human species indicates its centrality to human psychology. That this behaviour comes naturally and seemingly effortlessly in the first few years of life merely fascinates us further.

New research published in the Proceedings for the National Academy of Sciences about the different connections going on in the brains of Mandarin and English speakers, demonstrates just sscret flexible our ability to learn language really is.

Victims of stroke the secret the book traumatic brain injury to either of these crucial areas secreh the left side of the brain exhibited profound disabilities for producing and understanding language. For example, language requires real-time mappings between words and their meanings. Instead of pinning miracles of cognition to singular brain areas, complex processes are now viewed as distributed across different cortical areas, relying thhe several parts of the brain interacting dynamically.

By six to ten months children have already learned to be sensitive to the basic sounds, known as phonemes, that matter in their native language. Yet fhe languages differ profoundly in the sounds that are important syndrome x fragile communication.



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